GIS Fundamentals: A First Text on Geographic Information Systems

(Fifth Edition, Print + Digital e-Book)

GIS Fundamentals coverAuthor: Paul Bolstad

Paperback: 770 pages
GIS 5th Ed. Print with Digital e-Book Access
ISBN: 978-1-50669-587-7
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About the Book

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are computer-based tools for the entry, maintenance, and analysis of spatial data. GIS are critical for effective resource management, and have been applied across a wide range of science, business, and government endeavours.

This book provides an introduction to the theory and application of GIS. It is written for use in an introductory GIS class and as a reference for the GIS practitioner. This fifth edition balances theoretical and applied material, so that students may apply knowledge of GIS in the solution of real-world problems. Improvements over the previous editions are included in each chapter. Topics treated include an introduction to GIS, spatial data models, map projections, data entry, image data, GPS, digital data, database systems in GIS, general spatial analysis, raster analysis, terrain modeling, metadate, standards, and accuracy assessments.

Supplemental Materials available here.


About the Author

Paul Bolstad is a Professor at the University of Minnesota. He has 30 years of experience teaching, using, and researching GIS for industry, education, and government.


Table of Contents

Chapter 1: An Introduction to GIS

  • Introduction
  • GIS Components
  • GIS in Organizations

Chapter 2: Data Models

  • Introduction
  • Common Spatial Data Models
  • Vector Data Models
  • Raster Data Models
  • Other Data Models
  • Data and File Structures

Chapter 3: Geodesy, Datums, Map Projections and Coordinate Systems

  • Introduction
  • Map Projections and Coordinate Systems

Chapter 4: Maps, Data Entry, Editing, and Output

  • Building a GIS Database
  • Digitizing: Coordinate Capture
  • Coordinate Transformation
  • Output: Maps, Digital Data, Metadata

Chapter 5: Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Coordinate Surveying

  • Introduction
  • Differential Correction
  • Optical and Laser Coordinate Surveying
  • GNSS Applications

Chapter 6: Aerial and Satellite Images

  • Basic Principles
  • Aerial Images
  • Satellite Images
  • Airborne LiDAR

Chapter 7: Digital Data

  • Introduction
  • National and Global Digital Data
  • Digital Data for the United States

Chapter 8: Tables

  • Introduction
  • Selection Based on Attributes
  • Joining (or Relating) Tables
  • Normal Forms in Relational Databases

Chapter 9: Basic Spatial Analysis

  • Introduction
  • Selection and Classification
  • Dissolve
  • Proximity Functions and Buffering
  • Overlay
  • Network Analysis

Chapter 10: Topics in Raster Analysis

  • Introduction
  • Map Algebra
  • Local Functions
  • Neighborhood, Zonal, and Global Functions

Chapter 11: Terrain Analysis

Chapter 12: Spatial Estimation: Interpolation, Prediction, Core Area

  • Introduction
  • Sampling
  • Spatial Interpolation Methods
  • Spatial Prediction
  • Core Area Mapping

Chapter 13: Spatial Models and Modeling

  • Introduction
  • Cartographic Modeling

Chapter 14: Data Standards, Data Quality

  • Introduction
  • Data Accuracy

Chapter 15: New Developments in GIS

  • Introduction
  • GNSS
  • Datum Modernization
  • Improved Remote Sensing
  • Cloud-Based GIS
  • Open GIS

Appendix A: Glossary

Appendix B: Geographic Data Sources

Appendix C: Useful Conversions

Appendix D: Answers to Selected Study Questions